‘Home’ isn’t always ‘sweet home’ — mold stymies tenants in the valley

Just a few days before Thanksgiving, David opened the garage door of his rented home in Ascot Park at Peccole Ranch. He was in for a nasty surprise.

His hot water heater had burst, flooding his living room. About three-quarters of an inch of water remained as a souvenir. He called his landlady. Next came water extraction and the pulling back of baseboards.

Old mold lurked beneath the baseboards — not something that had developed in a day. According to David, it extended throughout the living room, near the air conditioning unit. It had invaded the laundry area. And, it was ensconced in a kitchen wall.

That’s when the “parade of people started,” said David, who asked that his last name not be used. After the initial emergency visit, other companies dashed in and out. A well-known damage and restoration company arrived on the scene, cutting drywall along the way — without completing the job. Then came a carpet-cleaning company.

“The guy came in and said, ‘I’m not equipped to do this kind of work,’ ” he recalled. “It was pretty bizarre.”

Two guys in a pickup truck arrived, with no business license, David said. They simply replaced the drywall.

“All the mold is still in the (heating ventilation and air-conditioning) unit,” he said. “Every time the air conditioning would come on, it was circulating mold throughout that house.”

Mold presents special challenges for tenants, who often don’t lack the money necessary to prosecute a claim against negligent landlords or insurance companies that try to avoid paying out what is covered under a renter’s insurance policy, said Judd Balmer, an attorney specializing in mold contamination, construction defects, and insurance bad faith claims.

Losses can include personal injury caused by mold exposure; personal property damage and replacement, which helps avoid cross-contamination of a new home; out-of-pocket moving expenses; security deposits on a new home; additional living expenses when someone is left homeless; and storage.

There’s also the cost of testing by mold experts at a home to support a claim.

Balmer said he often takes promising cases on a contingency fee, helping to level the playing field.

“Landlords take full advantage of the fact that many tenants aren’t in a position, either because of finances or just general knowledge and experience, to know what their rights are and to know how to exercise their rights,” he noted.

One bullying tactic landlords use: filing eviction notices to frighten tenants into paying rent despite their moldy habitat or get out in five days.

Balmer estimates that 25 to 35 percent of his cases deal with rentals — numbers that he said have grown steadily over the past two years.

Jim Berchtold, an attorney with Legal Aid Center of Southern Nevada and directing attorney of the Civil Law Self-Help Center, said people visit the center regularly seeking legal information about handling mold issues. Visitors are trying to represent themselves in the Clark County court system.

“Most of the people we see are usually trying to fight some kind of eviction, raising mold as a defense,” he said. “ ‘I’m not paying my rent because there’s mold in my home.’ ”


But having mold isn’t a defense for withholding rent, Berchtold said, unless a tenant has given written notice to a landlord, raising mold as an issue. While most tenants might argue that mold is a health issue, the assumption that mold is dangerous can be fuzzy, unless backed by documents, such as a doctor’s note and/or a report from a mold expert who has visited the home. The landlord then has 14 days to fix the issue or make a good faith effort.

“If the landlord hasn’t repaired the issue, then the tenant has a couple of options,” Berchtold said. “Under the law, they can start withholding their rent. You do not have the right to withhold your rent unless you give written notice.” Tenants also can terminate their lease and leave or sue their landlord.

If the tenant withholds rent, Berchtold said, the landlord will fix the issue — ensuring that the tenant pays — or opt for eviction, giving the five-day notice. The tenant has five days to come to court and file an opposition to the eviction, landing the fight eventually in front of a judge.

Balmer said Chapter 118A, Nevada’s Residential Landlord and Tenant Act, provides some protections for tenants who have given notice orally.

“If a tenant has not given the written notice of a condition, that doesn’t mean that the tenant doesn’t have the right to make a claim,” he said. “It means that the landlord has one more defense.”

The Southern Nevada Health District considers mold a “nonessential complaint” and an issue over which it has no authority, according to public information manager Jennifer Sizemore said. She added, though, that tenants can file a complaint with the building code department in their municipality. The health district also refers tenants to Nevada Legal Services, she said. David said that he and his wife sent an anonymous letter to Code Enforcement, but they have no idea about whether there would be consequences.

The “happy ending” to his story, he said, was his family’s escape from the lease and the house, after much legal wrangling that depleted his finances. The family exodus took place over Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and New Year’s Eve.

His wife, he said, summed it up: “If anybody wants to know how long it takes two adults and a disgruntled 15-year-old to move a 2,000 square foot house on their own, it takes eight days.”


After the move, the family dog stopped wheezing. David, his wife and son stopped having headaches. Looking back, he said, the headaches had begun the year before, when the family first moved in.

He said he recently noticed a “For Sale” sign in a window of the house.

Indoor environmental professional Todd Osmundson, owner-operator of Earth Resource Group, said mold sensitivity seems to vary: some people he’s met are sensitive to different types of mold; others aren’t sensitive at all.

His company does inspection and mold testing for homeowners, insurance companies, property management companies and building owners who suspect a problem.

“If you’ve got a mold problem, it can compromise immune systems,” he explained. “For anybody with severe asthma and health issues, you want to make sure it’s taken care of.”

Mold can remain long hidden, he said, perhaps in a plumbing leak in a wall behind a kitchen cabinet, which might not become visible for years.

Michael Becker, a contractor and president of PJ Becker &Sons Construction LLC, attributes some of the valley’s mold to the building craze of 10 years ago, when “not everybody was necessarily looking with an eye toward quality. They were looking more with an eye toward getting more done and making money.”

Mold often can be caused by oversized air conditioning units sweating during Las Vegas’ stormy, high-condensation summers and autumns, Becker said. Faulty construction can cause the condensation to dump into the roof.

Whether landlords address mold’s consequences responsibly, “It’s the flip of a coin,” said Will Dellaechaie, president of Summit Restoration, which works with insurance carriers and landlords to remediate mold.

Dellaechaie said he has worked with some landlords who “absolutely want the property fixed the correct way. It’s an investment.” But, he added, “there are definitely landlords out there who don’t see it that way. They’re extremely hard to work with. I would say we probably run into one or two of those a month.”

His company no longer works on apartments, which management companies often handle in-house. Management hasn’t always agreed with Dellaechaie’s company on how best to handle mold, especially when multiple common walls complicate the job.

Ultimately, the valley’s mold nightmares might result both from tenants’ ignorance of options and landlords’ ignorance of consequences.

“Some of these landlords don’t realize that it’s probably not going to cost as much as they think,” Dellaechaie said. “If they would take the time to turn in the claim and have an insurance adjuster come out to look at the property, and know what some of their options are, and they were a little more educated on what their policy is going to do for them, they might go a different road.”

Facial recognition software at G2E
Shing Tao, CEO of Las Vegas-based Remark Holdings, talks about his facial recognition product. (Todd Prince/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Former NBA player, Shaquille O'Neal, speaks about his new Las Vegas chicken restaurant
Former NBA player, Shaquille O'Neal, speaks about his new Las Vegas chicken restaurant. Bizuayehu Tesfaye/Las Vegas Review-Journal @bizutesfaye
Bobby Baldwin to leave MGM
MGM Resorts International executive and professional poker player Bobby Baldwin is set to leave MGM.
Caesars has new armed emergency response teams
Caesars Entertainment Corp. has created armed emergency response teams. They are composed of former military and law enforcement officials. "These teams provide valuable additional security capabilities,” Caesars spokeswoman Jennifer Forkish said. Caesars is hiring Security Saturation Team supervisors, managers and officers, according to LinkedIn. The company did not say how many people it plans to hire for the units. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Las Vegas, airlines prepare for CES
CES in January is expected to attract more than 180,000 attendees. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
AGS partners with Vegas Golden Knights
AGS is the nation’s second-largest manufacturer of Class II slot machines used primarily in tribal jurisdictions. It announced a marketing partnership with the Vegas Golden Knights NHL team. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Lehman Brothers bet big on Las Vegas
Lehman Brothers collapsed 10 years ago, helping send the country into the Great Recession.
Fremont9 opens downtown
Fremont9 apartment complex has opened in downtown Las Vegas. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @marcusvillagran
Ross & Snow launches in Las Vegas
Luxury shoe brand Ross & Snow has opened in Las Vegas, featuring "functional luxury" with premium shearling footwear. (Bailey Schulz/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Remote Identification and Drones
DJI vice president of policy and public affairs discusses using remote identification on drones. (Bailey Schulz/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Drones and public safety in Nevada
Two representatives in the drone industry discuss UAV's impact on public safety. (Bailey Schulz/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Frontier Airlines to launch flights from Las Vegas to Mexico
Frontier, a Denver-based ultra-low-cost carrier, will become the first airline in more than a decade to offer international service to Canada and Mexico from Las Vegas when flights to Cancun and Los Cabos begin Dec. 15. (Rick Velotta/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
MGM Resorts International CEO Jim Murren addresses Oct. 1 lawsuits
MGM Resorts International Chairman and CEO Jim Murren addresses criticism his company has received for filing a lawsuit against the survivors of the Oct. 1 shooting. (K.M. Cannon/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
MGM Resorts International opens the doors on MGM Springfield
Massachusetts’ first hotel-casino opens in downtown Springfield. The $960 million MGM Springfield has 252 rooms and 125,000-square-feet of casino. (K.M. Cannon/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
MGM Resorts International prepares to open MGM Springfield
Las Vegas-based MGM Resorts International gave news media and invited guests a preview of the $960 million MGM Springfield casino in Massachusetts. The commonwealth's first resort casino will open Friday, Aug. 24. (K.M. Cannon/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
A Walk Through Circus Circus
It only takes a short walk through Circus Circus to realize it attracts a demographic like no other casino on the Strip: families with young children. (Todd Prince/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Morphy Auctions, a vintage slot machines seller, wants gaming license
Vice president Don Grimmer talks about Morphy Auctions at the company's warehouse located at 4520 Arville Street in Las Vegas on Thursday, Aug. 16, 2018. (Rick Velotta/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Nevada's venture capital money doesn't stay in state
Zach Miles, associate vice president for economic development for UNLV, said there’s venture money in Southern Nevada, “but trying to find the right groups to tap into for that money is different.” According to a 2017 report from the Kauffman Foundation, Las Vegas ranked number 34 out of 40 metropolitan areas for growth entrepreneurship, a metric of how much startups grow. With a lack of growing startups in Las Vegas, investment money is being sent outside of state borders. The southwest region of the U.S. received $386 million in funding in the second quarter, with about $25.2 million in Nevada. The San Francisco area alone received about $5.6 billion. (source: CB Insights)
Neon wraps can light up the night for advertising
Vinyl wrap company 5150 Wraps talks about neon wraps, a new technology that the company believes can boost advertising at night. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Nevada on the forefront of drone safety
Dr. Chris Walach, senior director of Nevada Institute for Autonomous Systems, talks to a reporter at NIAS's new Nevada Drone Center for Excellence of Public Safety, located inside the Switch Innevation Center in Las Vegas. K.M. Cannon Las Vegas Review-Journal @KMCannonPhoto
Motel 8 on south Strip will become site of hotel-casino
Israeli hoteliers Asher Gabay and Benny Zerah bought Motel 8 on the south Strip for $7.4 million, records show. They plan to bulldoze the property and build a hotel-casino. Motel 8 was built in the 1960s and used to be one of several roadside inns on what's now the south Strip. But it looks out of place today, dwarfed by the towering Mandalay Bay right across the street.
Project billed as one of the world's largest marijuana dispensaries plans to open Nov. 1
Planet 13 co-CEO Larry Scheffler talks about what to expect from the new marijuana dispensary, Thursday, July 19, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Oasis Biotech opens in Las Vegas
Brock Leach, chief operating officer of Oasis Biotech, discusses the new plant factory at its grand opening on July 18. (Bailey Schulz/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
UNLV Tech Park innovation building breaks ground
Construction on the first innovation building at the UNLV Tech Park is underway. (Bailey Schulz/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
News Headlines
Add Event
Home Front Page Footer Listing
You May Like

You May Like