Garlic, onion harvest times vary by variety

Q: When do I harvest garlic, green onions, sweet onions and shallots?

A: Some sources will tell you to harvest garlic when half of the tops are brown while others will tell you to harvest them when they fall over. In our climate garlic should be harvested when the tops are about one-third brown.

Sweet onions are harvested when the tops fall over. Green onions, scallions or shallots are harvested when they first start bulbing.

There should be a thin covering surrounding the cloves when you harvest garlic correctly. If you wait too long before harvesting, the covering surrounding the cloves starts to rot , leaving the cloves exposed. Without this covering the garlic is difficult to cure and cannot be stored for very long. At this point it is best to harvest, separate the cloves and use or dry them.

Some people like grilling young garlic when the bulb is just barely starting to form, which is about eight weeks before harvest (March). Garlic for grilling can be planted very close together (2 inches); in March lift every other plant. The 4 inches remaining between garlic is enough for their expansive growth in the remaining two months.

Be prepared to harvest garlic at different times. Different varieties of garlic may be harvestable at slightly different times. For instance, early-maturing varieties will be ready for harvest two to four weeks ahead of later varieties. Judge when to harvest by looking at the tops or lifting a few and inspecting them.

Scallions can be nothing more than green or immature onions that have not begun to bulb, just started bulbing or do not bulb at all, such as the so-called Welsh onion. The white Lisbon variety is commonly grown for scallions.

The same can be said of leeks. There are leeks that do not bulb, which are commonly grown in Afghanistan and other parts of Central Asia. 

Like garlic, onions are commonly planted in the fall from “seed” (garlic seeds are actually cloves while onion seed is actually seed).

I have not found an onion yet that won’t produce in Southern Nevada. There are, however, differences in the quality of the onions growing here (from very good to fantastic). When harvesting onions, do not step on the necks to get them ready for harvesting unless you plan to eat them fresh .

The onion’s neck drying and the top falling over is a natural sealing process of the bulb. Stepping on the top can allow disease organisms to enter the bulb because the neck did not dried properly. This may prevent any long-term storage of the bulb.

Q: I will be planting a lemon tree soon and wish to know whether a Meyer or Eureka (variety) is the way to go. Which do you prefer? What are your thoughts about planting the tree and aftercare? Where do you suggest purchasing a lemon tree? What should I look for to select the healthiest tree for our backyard, which is located in the northwest part of the valley?

A: Most people in the valley are familiar with Meyer lemon, which produces in the winter months and is probably the most cold tolerant of what we consider to be lemons. There are other lemons, Eureka and Lisbon, but these are true lemons, unlike Meyer, which is a cross between a lemon and a sweet oranges.

Eureka and Lisbon produce during the spring and summer months and are not as sweet as Meyer. The Eureka and Lisbon lemon trees have different architecture than Meyer and for this reason will be pruned differently.

I would say that you will probably like Meyer better than other lemons because of their sweetness and cold tolerance. Pick a smaller tree that appears healthy. Avoid larger trees as they are slower to establish and cost more. Most local nurseries carry Meyer lemon.

Q: After many years of wanting a raised garden I now have one. It’s made of cinderblock and has been filled with a mixture of steer manure, a grow mix for flower and vegetables, and another grow mix for trees and shrubs. Already the plants in my raised beds have flowers and seem to be productive. The folks at Starbucks give away their used coffee grounds (free) for people who use it for their gardens. Do coffee grounds make a difference in the soil at all? 

A: I noticed there was no mention of soil. Soil is very important for a raised bed and should make up a large percentage of your growing medium. Soil, even our native desert soil, can be highly productive if it is properly amended. Sometimes when we manufacture a soil we don’t do a better job than Mother Nature and our manufactured soils can cause us future work and problems.

Soil is a mixture of three types of particles based upon size: sand, silt and clay. Each has its own important characteristics. Clay particles are the smallest in size but are also the best soil particle at holding plant nutrients derived from fertilizers.

Remember, when you take from your garden, you must also give back. The soil is replenished only by what you put back into it. As your garden is producing for you, you must replenish it with what the plants took from it.

Sometimes we think that just the initial preparation is enough for a garden to be productive during the growing season.

The perfect replacement for what is lost from the garden is the decomposition from other plants, called compost. The best compost is made from a variety of sources and plants. So, yes, put coffee grounds in your compost pile. The more variety of things you put back into your garden, the more nutrient voids you fill.

Bob Morris is a horticulture expert living in Las Vegas and professor emeritus for the University of Nevada. Visit his blog at xtremehorticulture.blogspot.com.

ad-high_impact_4
Local
Family remembers deceased mother
Family members of Adriann Gallegos remember her. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Camp Broadway teaches kids how to sing and dance
The Smith Center's seventh annual Camp Broadway musical theater program gives 150 kids ages 6-17 an opportunity to learn musical theater skills from industry professionals over a five-day period. Marcus Villagran/ Las Vegas Review-Journal @brokejournalist
Restoring classic Corvettes to perfection
Members of the National Corvette Restorers Society Convention talk about what it takes to earn the NCRS Top Flight Award for a restored Corvette at South Point in Las Vegas on Tuesday July 17, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Watch Ruthless! at Las Vegas Little Theatre
The musical Ruthless! will be playing at Las Vegas Little Theatre from July 13-29. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Cadaver art and sword swallowing at The Dark Arts Market
Curator Erin Emrie talks about her inspiration for The Dark Arts Market at Cornish Pasty Co. in Las Vegas Tuesday, July 10, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
'NO H8' Campaign comes to Las Vegas
Hundreds of locals participate in the NO H8 campaign founded by Adam Bouska and Jeff Parshley as a response to Proposition 8, a California ban on same-sex marriage. The campaign has since evolved to represent equal treatment for all. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
What to expect at Station Casinos' Fourth of July celebration
Station Casinos' is hosting its annual 4th of July celebration with Fireworks by Grucci. Fireworks scheduled to go off on Wednesday, July 4 around 9 p.m. at Green Valley Ranch Resort, Red Rock Resort, Fiesta Rancho and Texas Station. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Star Wars and Golden Knights mashup at downtown art shop
Star Wars and Vegas Golden Knights fans attend the Boba Fett Golden Knight Paint Class at The Bubblegum Gallery in Las Vegas, Friday, June 29, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Tourists and locals enjoy Independence Day fireworks at Caesars Palace
Hundreds of tourists and locals gaze at the Independence Day fireworks show at Caesars Palace on Saturday, June 30, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Clark County recount votes in commission’s District E primary
Clark County staff begin the recount requested by candidate Marco Hernandez in the democratic primary for the County Commission's District E seat on Tuesday, June 26, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Long-running local hip hop producer wants Vegas rappers to shine
Las Vegas Hip Hop producer and co-owner of Digital Insight Recording Studios Tiger Stylz reflects on 30 years of music production in the city. (Marcus Villagran/Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
"Pawn Stars" fans visit Richard Harrison's memorial at Gold & Silver Pawn
"Pawn Stars" fans from around the world visit the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop in Las Vegas following the passing of Richard "Old Man" Harrison on Monday, June 25, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Construction for new 51s ballpark underway
New home of the Las Vegas 51s is planned to be finished by March 2019 in Summerlin according to team president Don Logan. (Marcus Villagran/Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Underground home was built as Cold War-era hideaway
The underground house at 3970 Spencer Street is one of the valley’s most unusual homes built 26 feet underground in 1978 by Girard “Jerry” B. Henderson, who, planned to survive the end of the world there.
Lip Smacking Foodie Tours takes you where the locals go
Donald Contursi talks about Lip Smacking Foodie Tours, which offers walking tours of restaurants on and off Las Vegas Boulevard with food samples and tidbits of history about the places they visit.
Life
Camp Broadway teaches kids how to sing and dance
The Smith Center's seventh annual Camp Broadway musical theater program gives 150 kids ages 6-17 an opportunity to learn musical theater skills from industry professionals over a five-day period. Marcus Villagran/ Las Vegas Review-Journal @brokejournalist
Las Vegas police officer on being PETA's Sexiest Vegan Next Door
Las Vegas police officer David Anthony talks vegan lifestyle and how he feels about being voted PETA's sexiest Vegan next door from his home on Monday, July 9, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
'NO H8' Campaign comes to Las Vegas
Hundreds of locals participate in the NO H8 campaign founded by Adam Bouska and Jeff Parshley as a response to Proposition 8, a California ban on same-sex marriage. The campaign has since evolved to represent equal treatment for all. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Over 40,000 People Attend The 4th Of July Parade In Summerlin In Las Vegas
Over 40,000 People Attend The 4th Of July Parade In Summerlin In Las Vegas. (Janna Karel Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Star Wars and Golden Knights mashup at downtown art shop
Star Wars and Vegas Golden Knights fans attend the Boba Fett Golden Knight Paint Class at The Bubblegum Gallery in Las Vegas, Friday, June 29, 2018. (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
Bark-Andre Furry meets Capitals superfan Ovie the Bulldog
Two of NHL's furriest fans met at the Forum Shops in Caesars Palace on Tuesday, June 18, 2018, in Las Vegas. Vegas Golden Knights superfan Bark-Andre Furry and Washington Capitals superfan Ovie the Bulldog shared a plate of meatballs and spaghetti with help from Logan, "The Girl with the Hat." (Marcus Villagran/Las Vegas Review-Journal) @brokejournalist
TOP NEWS
News Headlines
Add Event
Home Front Page Footer Listing
Circular
You May Like

You May Like