WASHINGTON — Jobless benefits will run out for 2 million people on Dec. 1 unless they are renewed by a Congress that is focusing more attention on a quarrel over preserving tax cuts for people making more than $200,000 a year.
It is looking iffy whether Congress will renew jobless benefits averaging $310 per week nationwide that are claimed by almost 5 million people who have been out of work for more than six months.
An extension of jobless benefits enacted this summer expires Dec. 1, and on Thursday a bill to extend them for three months failed in the House. Democrats brought the bill to the floor under fast-track rules that required a two-thirds vote to pass. Republicans opposed the legislation because they were denied a chance to attach spending cuts, so the measure fell despite winning a 258-154 majority.
In Thursday’s vote, 21 Republicans joined with Democrats in favor. Eleven Democrats opposed the bill.
Nevada’s three U.S. House members voted to extend the payments, including outgoing Democratic Rep. Dina Titus.
Rep. Shelley Berkley, D-Nev., said Congress has “an obligation to our fellow citizens, that we must help them until we get this economy back where it needs to be.”
Berkley said 27,000 Nevadans would lose benefits in December if the payments are not reauthorized by month’s end, according to figures prepared by the House Ways and Means Committee.
The liberal Center for Budget and Policy Priorities has estimated as many as 38,000 Nevadans would be affected.
Republican Rep. Dean Heller said he was troubled that the legislation did not include a way to pay for the extended benefits, but he said people without jobs should not be blamed.
“It is not their fault that the economic policies of the past two years have failed to bring jobs to Nevada, Heller said.
Titus said, “With too many Nevadans facing unemployment it is critical that we extend important benefits during this difficult economic time. While we continue to pull our economy out of the deepest recession in a generation we must help Nevada families weather this economic storm.”
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., promised to bring the measure back to the floor after Thanksgiving to try to enact an emergency measure that extend benefits at least through the holidays.
But Senate Democrats don’t have time. Instead, they hope the jobless benefits issue gets addressed in year-end negotiations over taxes and other legislation.
The most recent effort to renew jobless benefits occupied weeks of the Senate’s time and barely advanced with the required 60 votes.
Even if there were time, GOP Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky would appear to command the votes to block any benefits extension that is not “paid for” with cuts to other programs.
Sen.-elect Mark Kirk of Illinois will soon join the chamber, replacing Democrat Roland Burris, which appears to leave Democrats short of the votes to defeat a filibuster.
Still, the looming expiration of unemployment benefits could put Republicans on the defensive, since they will expire just as debate peaks in the lame-duck session over whether to extend Bush-era tax cuts on individuals with income exceeding $200,000 or for couples making more than $250,000.
The tax cuts expire Dec. 31, and Democrats oppose permanently extending the upper-bracket tax cuts, which would cost about $700 billion over 10 years.
“I don’t think we want to leave here having fought for tax cuts for millionaires and against unemployment insurance for those that have lost their jobs,” White House spokesman Robert Gibbs said.
“Republicans in Congress are eager to spend lavishly on tax breaks for the fortunate few, but stingy when it comes to helping the middle class make ends meet,” said Rep. Ed Markey, D-Mass.
Republicans say they are willing to extend the benefits but don’t want to add the cost, $12.5 billion for three months, to the nation’s $13.8 trillion national debt.
“The fact is, we can both provide this help and pay for it by cutting less effective stimulus spending,” said Rep. Charles Boustany, R-La. “That’s what we should be debating today.”
Rep. Mike Pence, the No. 3 Republican in the House, said: “We’re facing a fiscal crisis in this country. If we’re going to choose to extend unemployment again we’ve got to find a way to pay for it.”
Every recession since 1950 has featured an extended federal benefits program financed with deficit dollars.
That’s a precedent Democrats refused to break when battling Republicans for months earlier this year to extend the program.
Republicans didn’t pay any political price for stalling efforts earlier this year to extend jobless benefits that provide critical help to the unemployed, including a seven-week stretch over the summer when jobless benefits were a piece of a failed Democratic tax and jobs bill.
But allowing benefits to expire in the holiday season may draw negative attention to Republicans, especially when measured against their insistence on renewing tax cuts for upper-income taxpayers.
“It’s just inconceivable that in the last gasp of this Congress you would turn all your attention to the top 2 percent of wage earners in the country at the same time that middle class families are struggling to hold their families together because of prolonged unemployment,” said House Education and Labor Committee Chairman George Miller, D-Calif.
The additional jobless benefits programs began in 2008 under President George W. Bush but were made more generous last year.
Jobless people are now eligible for up to 99 weeks of benefits in most states. The first 26 weeks of benefits are paid for by states. About 3.8 million are now drawing those state-paid benefits.
Stephens Washington Bureau Chief Steve Tetreault contributed to this report.