82°F
weather icon Clear

Take a look at Nevada’s new laws and how they may affect you

Nearly 300 new laws will go into effect Monday, covering everything from crimes and punishments to education and health care.

Many more will go into effect in October, and even more in January, all passed during the Legislature’s 2019 session that wrapped up in early June.

People convicted of crimes will see some relief starting today. Assembly Bill 192 allows people convicted of possession of an ounce or less of marijuana to ask a court to have their records sealed. And under Assembly Bill 431, an estimated 77,000 people whose felony conviction prevents them from voting will have their voting rights restored. In the future, all felons will be allowed to vote as soon as they are released from prison.

However, you can go to prison for at least two new crimes: Assembly Bill 15 bans filing fake legal documents, a common tactic of the so-called sovereign citizens movement. You can also face incarceration under Assembly Bill 152 for destroying or defacing Native American gravesites, or historic or prehistoric sites.

In addition, the 20-year statute of limitations in sexual assault cases will be eliminated starting Monday in cases where DNA evidence can identify a suspect, under Assembly Bill 142.

Low-income residents may benefit from a pair of bills passed by the Legislature: Senate Bill 103 allows local governments to waive impact fees and building permit fees for developers who construct affordable housing. Another new law, Senate Bill 448, will provide for $10 million in transferable tax credits per year to encourage developers to build more affordable housing.

Another new law, Senate Bill 151, slows down Nevada’s rapid time frame for evictions and limits late fees for unpaid rent.

And Assembly Bill 326 provides for tax credits for businesses that open grocery stores in areas that don’t currently have one, known commonly as “food deserts.”

In addition, Assembly Bill 223 requires the state to seek federal waivers in order to provide some dental care through the state’s Medicaid program for people 21 and older who suffer from diabetes.

People 65 and older will no longer have to live in Nevada for five years in order to apply to get a free pass to visit the state’s parks, under Assembly Bill 59. And people who use medical equipment such as oxygen tanks or motorized wheelchairs won’t pay sales tax for those items under Senate Bill 447, which was enacted after voters approved an exemption on the ballot in 2016 and 2018.

Construction workers building new schools in Nevada will once again receive 100 percent of the prevailing wage for those projects, under Assembly Bill 136. The Republican-controlled Legislature in 2015 reduced the prevailing wage rate for those projects to 90 percent, saying it would make building schools less expensive. Democrats, however, said the lower wage was unfair to workers, and may have led to lower-quality construction.

People who hold a medical marijuana card issued by the state cannot be discriminated against when it comes to adoption or child custody cases, under Assembly Bill 140. That law also prohibits discrimination in those proceedings against anyone who is deaf, blind or physically disabled.

In addition, the list of conditions for which people can seek medical marijuana for treatment has been expanded under Senate Bill 430 to include anxiety, autism, autoimmune disorders and anorexia.

And speaking of discrimination, it will now be easier to remove public officers who engage in malfeasance or employment discrimination: Under Assembly Bill 397, the Nevada Equal Rights Commission can start the process by recommending the removal of any person who it finds has engaged in that sort of conduct.

Also, under Assembly Bill 248, legal settlements with people regarding sexual assault, sex discrimination or retaliation can no longer contain nondisclosure provisions that prevent a person from discussing the case.

Starting Monday, the public will no longer be able to find out how long retired public employees worked in government, the date they retired or the last public agency for which they worked. The names of retirees and the amounts of their pensions, however, will remain public information under Senate Bill 224.

And parents of children who are struggling with reading at the same level of their peers in third grade will have to sign off on holding their children back a year under Assembly Bill 289. A bill passed in 2015 — and set to go into effect this school year — would have required all students who couldn’t read at grade level to be held back, but lawmakers decided instead to provide more intensive instruction to students leading up to third grade.

Finally, starting Monday, county commissions, including the Clark County Commission, are authorized under Assembly Bill 309 to vote to approve a quarter-cent sales tax increase to pay for education, affordable housing, programs to combat homelessness and workforce training. So far, commissioners have been slow to embrace the idea.

Contact Steve Sebelius at SSebelius@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0253. Follow @SteveSebelius on Twitter. Review-Journal staff writers Bill Dentzer and Colton Lochhead contributed to this report.

Don't miss the big stories. Like us on Facebook.
Politics Videos
Bernie Sanders Unveils Affordable Housing Plan - Video
Bernie Sanders sits down with the Las Vegas Review-Journal to talk about his new affordable housing plan he unveiled at Plumbers & Pipefitters.
Jim Marchant talks gun control and Dreamers - Video
Republican Candidate for District 4 Jim Marchant talks about gun control and immigration policies. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Hurricanes, Gender, and Science in the Press
Imagine if the mainstream media’s current hurricane-sized obsession with scientific accuracy applied to gender.
Cory Booker on college tuition and minimum wage
Cory Booker talks on the RJ Politics podcast about college debt, informing workers about their rights and livable wages.
Nevada Politics Today: Teacher raises - VIDEO
Jason Goudie, the chief financial officer for the Clark County School District, talks about teacher pay and raises. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Media's Double Standard On Incitement And Trump - Video
Over the weekend, an Elizabeth Warren-supporting socialist who opposed gun violence used a rifle to commit a mass murder in Dayton, Ohio. The media has downplayed that aspect of the tragedy.
Project Our Care Tour Kicks Off In Las Vegas
U.S. Rep. Dina Titus joined health care advocates and local residents as part of Protect Our Care’s nationwide bus tour kick off in Las Vegas on Monday, August 5, 2019. (Mat Luschek / Review-Journal)
Bernie Sanders talks about guns, response to El Paso shooting
Sen. Bernie Sanders spoke about his response and continued policy ideas about guns and gun control to the Review-Journal after a panel of other topics. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Pete Buttigieg On Gun Control And Climate Change - Video
Pete Buttigieg talks about his campaign for the 2020 election and how Nevada is a vision of what the future can be.
Beto O'Rourke speaks in Las Vegas
Presidential candidate Beto O'Rourke spoke to supporters at the East Las Vegas Community Center in Las Vegas, Thursday, Aug. 2, 2019. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Former Nevada Senate leader Kelvin Atkinson sentenced to prison
Former Nevada Senate Majority Leader Kelvin Atkinson, who pleaded guilty to misusing campaign funds, was sentenced to 27 months in prison on Thursday, July 18, 2019. (Mat Luschek/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Trumps Strength is also a Weakness - Video
One of Donald Trump’s greatest strengths — his ability to shape national narratives — is also a great weakness.
Tax the Rich Bus Tour makes a stop in Las Vegas - Video
The Tax the Rich Bus has stopped in Las Vegas as part of its summer tour. (Las Vegas Review-Journal)
Assemblywoman Daniele Monroe-Moreno hosts BBQ - Video
Assembly Woman Daniele Monroe-Moreno hosts BBQ to bring the community together to hear about the candidates up for election and for people to gather and have fun.
Democrat Virtual Caucus - Video
Elizabeth Warren visits Las Vegas
Senator Elizabeth Warren made a campaign stop at the East Las Vegas Community Center on Tuesday July 2, 2019. (Mat Luschek / Review-Journal)
Aaron Ford Speaks About Bill AB431
AB431 is a bill sponsored by Nevada Assembly Speaker Jason Frierson to restore the right to vote for formerly incarcerated individuals. Attorney General Aaron Ford spoke at the AM&E Church in North Las Vegas about the bill, on Monday, July 1, 2019. (Mat Luschek/Las Vegas Review-Journal)
THE LATEST
Sisolak signs public records reform bill into law

Gov. Steve Sisolak signed a bill that strengthens Nevada’s public records law, making it easier and cheaper for people to get public records and providing for fines if public agencies willfully flout the law.