NEW YORK — A private forecast of economic activity rose in August for the fifth straight month, the latest sign the recession has ended. The Conference’s Board leading indicators point to an economy on solid ground early next year, though some analysts caution that a rising unemployment rate will restrain growth.
The Conference Board said Monday its index of leading indicators rose 0.6 percent in August. That follows a 0.9 percent gain in July, revised from 0.6 percent. Economists surveyed by Thomson Reuters had expected an 0.7 percent gain last month.
The indicators are designed to project economic activity in the next three to six months. The August results support many analysts’ projections that the economy started growing again in the current July-September quarter and will continue to gain in the fourth quarter.
Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke last week said the recession was “very likely over.”
The recession’s end “is no longer a source of heated discussion … but whether or not the economy can keep grinding forward (and at what speed) is still a big question mark,” BMO Capital Markets economist Jennifer Lee wrote Monday in a note to clients.
Some analysts worry that any current economic growth will falter as unemployment rises from the August rate of 9.7 percent to above 10 percent. But the leading indicators provided a rosier outlook for next year, Bank of America Merrill Lynch analyst Ethan Harris said.
“This is good news, no question about it,” he said. “The data’s more of an argument against the so-called double dip. They’re all looking like next year’s going to be a solid growth year.”
A measure of supplier deliveries, rising stock prices, an increase in consumer expectations, a jump in building permits and the “interest rate spread” boosted the index in August.
That spread is the difference between yields on 10-year Treasurys and the federal funds rate, which the Fed is keeping at a record low near zero. The funds rate is the interest banks charge each other for loans. A big difference between it and the 10-year Treasury is viewed as positive because investors are willing to lend for longer periods.
The leading indicators index jumped 4.4 percent — an 8.9 percent annual rate — in the six months through August. That’s the fastest six-month growth rate since March 2004. The increase in the six months through July was 3.3 percent.
An accompanying index meant to measure the current state of the business cycle was flat in August. The July reading was revised up to a 0.1 percent gain from zero, making it the first increase in nine months.
That index has bottomed in the same month as the U.S. economy for six out of the past seven recessions, Wells Fargo Securities economist Sam Bullard wrote in a research note.
The two indexes suggest “that the recession is bottoming out,” Conference Board economist Ken Goldstein said.
“These numbers are consistent with the view that after a very severe downturn, a recovery is very near,” he said. “But the intensity and pattern of that recovery is more uncertain.”