Rewarding failure appears to be something of a tradition at the Department of Veterans Affairs.
A few weeks ago, President Trump kept up that tradition by signing the Veterans Choice Improvement Act, which extends the beleaguered Veterans Choice program. That initiative, originally due to expire in August, gives select veterans the freedom to seek care from private providers.
The program has utterly failed at its express purpose — expanding health-care choice and reducing the wait times faced by veterans seeking care. In some cases, it’s exacerbated life-threatening delays.
Instead of throwing more money at the program, lawmakers should give cash directly to veterans to pay for their medical care. Health-care vouchers would empower veterans to secure timely care in the private sector — and finally get the VA out of the health-care business.
Congress passed the Veteran’s Choice Act in 2014 in response to a scandal in which agency employees were caught covering up excessive wait times at VA health facilities. The program allows veterans facing wait times of 30 days or more, and those without a VA facility nearby, to obtain care from a network of private providers.
Cutting wait times and expanding health-care choices for veterans are certainly worthwhile goals. But the $10 billion program hasn’t lived up to its potential.
A recent report by the VA’s inspector general found that Choice enrollees still face high barriers to access, including “cumbersome authorization and scheduling procedures, inadequate provider networks, and potential veteran liability for treatment costs.”
Beneficiaries had to wait an average of 32 days before they were approved to receive outside treatment. After getting the go-ahead from agency bureaucrats, vets had to wait an additional two weeks for an actual doctor’s appointment.
In other words, ailing veterans languished for 45 days, on average, before seeing a physician. For a program created to avoid wait times of 30 days or more, this result amounts to a total failure, plain and simple.
Wait times elsewhere in the VA system haven’t gotten much better. As of this past February, more than 144,000 veterans had waited 30 days or more to see a doctor — an increase over the same figure in February 2015.
To further relieve wait times, the Veterans Choice Act provided $2.5 billion for hiring an additional 12,000 VA staffers across the country. But that money was largely squandered.
For instance, before the Choice Act, veterans in Albuquerque faced the nation’s longest waits for mental-health care, while their counterparts in Cincinnati faced some of the shortest. Yet administrators used the new funds to give both offices the same number of new psychiatrists, according to an investigation by NPR.
The Choice Act’s failure fits a well-established pattern of incompetence at the agency. Consider a new report from the Government Accountability Office on the Veterans Crisis Line, a phone line for veterans in emotional trouble, including those contemplating suicide. The study found that 25 to 35 percent of calls weren’t answered in a timely fashion — and were routed to backup call centers where hold times were as long as 30 minutes.
To his credit, President Trump late last month signed an executive order establishing an Office of Accountability and Whistleblower Protection at the VA. That office will help VA Secretary David Shulkin fire subpar agency employees more swiftly.
But contrary to Shulkin’s view, the VA isn’t just a few reforms away from being fixed.
In a recent C-SPAN interview, he revealed that “we are working hard now with Congress to redesign a better, improved” Choice program. He also explained that, “I am not in favor of privatization of the VA. We have to maintain a strong VA.”
He’s got things backwards. A strong, well-funded VA might benefit agency apparatchiks, but it remains a serious threat to the health — and too often, the lives — of veterans.
It’s time the VA got out of the health-care business — and gave its generous federal funding directly to patients in the form of health-care vouchers.
We’ve already trusted veterans to keep our nation free and secure. Surely, they’re up to the challenge of making their own health-care decisions. It’s hard to imagine they could do worse than the VA.
Sally C. Pipes is president, CEO, and Thomas W. Smith fellow in health care policy at the Pacific Research Institute. Her latest book is The Way Out of Obamacare (Encounter 2016). Follow her on Twitter @sallypipes.