Most hockey players first fall in love with the sport outdoors, whether it be on a rink, pond, lake or anything in between.
It only makes sense that the NHL started to take its games there in the 21st century. Outdoor hockey has become one of the league’s key traditions in the past 14 seasons, with multiple games taking place outside each year since 2014.
That trend continues at noon Saturday when the Golden Knights face the Colorado Avalanche at Lake Tahoe’s Edgewood Tahoe Resort Golf Course in Stateline.
“It’s one of the purest forms of the game that we can play,” Avalanche captain Gabriel Landeskog said. “Obviously, outdoors, most of us grew up skating on lakes and outdoor rinks. It just makes it very special to be able to do that at the highest level possible.”
Saturday’s game in many ways takes the NHL full circle because one of its first outdoor experiences was in Las Vegas. The first outdoor game between two of its teams was an exhibition between the Los Angeles Kings and New York Rangers on Sept. 27, 1991, at Caesars Palace.
The Kings, featuring superstar Wayne Gretzky, won 5-2 before a sellout crowd of 13,007. The game did have a few snags. The ice was fine despite the usual high September temperatures. But a swarm of grasshoppers was unexpectedly drawn to the bright lights and shiny surface and froze on the spot.
Still, it proved an outdoor game was possible.
“(Kings owner) Bruce (McNall) thought we were nuts,” said Rich Rose, then-president of Caesars World Sports. “But the more we talked, he got it. He was all about promotion, he realized bringing Gretzky (to Los Angeles) was so valuable. I said, look, if you guys are in, we will figure out a way to do it. And they said we’re in.”
The NHL took the next step Nov. 22, 2003, by playing a regular-season game outdoors. The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Edmonton Oilers 4-3 at Commonwealth Stadium in Edmonton, Alberta, before a crowd of 57,167, which easily set the league’s single-game attendance record. It was the first game of the Heritage Classic between Canadian teams.
That emboldened the NHL to create its signature outdoor event: the Winter Classic. Played for the first time in 2008, it matched the Pittsburgh Penguins and Buffalo Sabres on New Year’s Day at the Buffalo Bills’ Ralph Wilson Stadium.
More than 71,000 fans piled into the stands to see the Penguins win 2-1 in a shootout. The game was a hit beyond New York, too. A light snowfall made the scenery perfect for NBC’s telecast and gave the NHL its highest rating for a regular-season game since 1996.
“It’s the best hockey to play,” said Knights goaltender Marc-Andre Fleury, who was at the game with the Penguins but didn’t play because of an injury. “Growing up, I always thought playing outside was the best memories of hockey growing up.”
The success of the Winter Classic put the NHL’s outdoor efforts into overdrive. The game became an annual New Year’s Day tradition and the marquee event of the regular season.
The league took that formula — big arena plus exciting matchup equals made-for-TV spectacle — and applied it regularly afterward. The NHL scheduled additional outdoor games with the launch of its Stadium Series in 2014, giving teams that couldn’t land a Winter Classic a chance to play outside after New Year’s Day.
The Lake Tahoe games — the Philadelphia Flyers and Boston Bruins will play Sunday — represent another step in the outdoor evolution. It’s the first regular-season event in which the NHL didn’t enter an existing stadium and set up a rink. Instead, it built a venue on the 18th fairway of a golf course.
The league hopes the setup will allow Lake Tahoe’s natural scenery to shine through and make for a compelling TV visual. It could lead to similar events if it resonates with fans.
“It’s going to be a hockey spectacular,” said Steve Mayer, the NHL’s chief content officer. “If we do get a great response, I think at the league office we’ll talk about what the future of games at crazy, beautiful, wonderful landmark places happen to be.”
Outdoor games by team
6 — Chicago Blackhawks
5 — Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins
4 — Boston Bruins, Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens, New York Rangers
3 — Colorado Avalanche, Los Angeles Kings, Toronto Maple Leafs, Washington Capitals
2 — Buffalo Sabres, Calgary Flames, Edmonton Oilers, Ottawa Senators, Winnipeg Jets
1 — Anaheim Ducks, Carolina Hurricanes, Dallas Stars, Golden Knights, Minnesota Wild, Nashville Predators, New Jersey Devils, New York Islanders, San Jose Sharks, St. Louis Blues, Vancouver Canucks
0 — Arizona Coyotes, Columbus Blue Jackets, Florida Panthers, Tampa Bay Lightning
NHL outdoor games
Sept. 27, 1991 — Caesars Palace, Las Vegas (Los Angeles Kings 5, New York Rangers 2)
Nov. 22, 2003 — Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton, Alberta (Montreal Canadiens 4, Edmonton Oilers 3)
Feb. 20, 2011 — McMahon Stadium, Calgary, Alberta (Calgary Flames 4, Montreal Canadiens 0)
March 2, 2014 — BC Place, Vancouver, British Columbia (Ottawa Senators 4, Vancouver Canucks 2)
Oct. 23, 2016 — Investors Group Field, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Edmonton Oilers 3, Winnipeg Jets 0)
Oct. 26, 2019 — Mosaic Stadium, Regina, Saskatchewan (Winnipeg Jets 2, Calgary Flames 1, OT)
Jan. 1, 2008 — Ralph Wilson Stadium, Orchard Park, N.Y. (Pittsburgh Penguins 2, Buffalo Sabres 1, SO)
Jan. 1, 2009 — Wrigley Field, Chicago (Detroit Red Wings 6, Chicago Blackhawks 4)
Jan. 1, 2010 — Fenway Park, Boston (Philadelphia Flyers 2, Boston Bruins 1, OT)
Jan. 1, 2011 — Heinz Field, Pittsburgh (Washington Capitals 3, Pittsburgh Penguins 1)
Jan. 2, 2012 — Citizens Bank Park, Philadelphia (New York Rangers 3, Philadelphia Flyers 2)
Jan. 1, 2014 — Michigan Stadium, Ann Arbor, Mich. (Toronto Maple Leafs 3, Detroit Red Wings 2, SO)
Jan. 1, 2015 — Nationals Park, Washington, D.C. (Washington Capitals 3, Chicago Blackhawks 2)
Jan. 1, 2016 — Gillette Stadium, Foxborough, Mass. (Montreal Canadiens 5, Boston Bruins 1)
Jan. 2, 2017 — Busch Stadium, St. Louis (St. Louis Blues 4, Chicago Blackhawks 1)
Jan. 1, 2018 — Citi Field, New York (New York Rangers 3, Buffalo Sabres 2, OT)
Jan. 1, 2019 — Notre Dame Stadium, South Bend, Ind. (Boston Bruins 4, Chicago Blackhawks 2)
Jan. 1, 2020 — Cotton Bowl Stadium, Dallas (Dallas Stars 4, Nashville Predators 2)
Jan. 25, 2014 — Dodger Stadium, Los Angeles (Anaheim Ducks 3, Los Angeles Kings 0)
Jan. 26, 29, 2014 — Yankee Stadium, New York (New York Rangers 7, New Jersey Devils 3; New York Rangers 2, New York Islanders 1)
March 1, 2014 — Soldier Field, Chicago (Chicago Blackhawks 5, Pittsburgh Penguins 1)
Feb. 21, 2015 — Levi’s Stadium, Santa Clara, Calif. (Los Angeles Kings 2, San Jose Sharks 1)
Feb. 21, 2016 — TCF Bank Stadium, Minneapolis (Minnesota Wild 6, Chicago Blackhawks 1)
Feb. 27, 2016 — Coors Field, Denver (Detroit Red Wings 5, Colorado Avalanche 3)
Feb. 25, 2017 — Heinz Field, Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh Penguins 4, Philadelphia Flyers 2)
March 3, 2018 — Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium, Annapolis, Md. (Washington Capitals 5, Toronto Maple Leafs 2)
Feb. 23, 2019 — Lincoln Financial Field, Philadelphia (Philadelphia Flyers 4, Pittsburgh Penguins 3, OT)
Feb. 15, 2020 — Falcon Stadium, Air Force Academy, Colo. (Los Angeles Kings 3, Colorado Avalanche 1)
Jan. 1, 2017 — BMO Field, Toronto (Toronto Maple Leafs 5, Detroit Red Wings 4, OT)
NHL 100 Classic
Dec. 16, 2017 — TD Place Stadium, Ottawa, Ontario (Ottawa Senators 3, Montreal Canadiens 0)
NHL Outdoors at Lake Tahoe
Feb. 20, 21 — Edgewood Tahoe Resort, Stateline (Golden Knights vs. Colorado Avalanche; Boston Bruins vs. Philadelphia Flyers)